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Simple Present Tense And Example

The simple present tense is a fundamental building block of the English language. It’s one of the first verb tenses learners encounter, and its versatility makes it essential for everyday communication. In this article, we’ll dive into the Simple Present Tense And Example, exploring its various uses, and how to form it correctly and provide plentiful examples to solidify your understanding. CLICK HERE to download our app from the Google Play Store. If you don’t have Android phone then we have a WEBSITE for you.

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What is the Simple Present Tense?

The simple present tense is used to describe actions or states of being that occur regularly in the present, as well as facts and general truths. Let’s break down the key uses:

  • Habitual Actions:

    • I brush my teeth twice a day.
    • The sun rises in the east.
    • Birds migrate during the winter.
  • General Truths and Facts:

    • Water freezes at 0 degrees Celsius.
    • The Earth revolves around the Sun.
    • Paris is the capital of France.
  • States of Being:

    • I feel happy today.
    • She loves her dog.
    • This book seems interesting.
  • Scheduled Events (in the near future):

    • The train leaves at 5 PM.
    • My doctor’s appointment is next week.
    • The concert starts in two hours.

How to Form the Simple Present Tense

The simple present tense is generally straightforward to form. Here’s the breakdown:

  1. Most Verbs: For most verbs, the simple present tense is the base form of the verb (the infinitive without ‘to’).

    • I walk
    • You talk
    • We play
    • They dance
  2. Third-Person Singular (he, she, it): Add an -s or -es to the base form of the verb:

    • He walks
    • She talks
    • It rains
    • The cat hisses

Spelling Changes to Note:

  • Verbs ending in -ss, -sh, -ch, -x, or -o typically add -es in the third-person singular:
    • passes, washes, watches, fixes, goes
  • Verbs ending in a consonant + -y change the ‘y’ to an ‘i’ and add -es:
    • carries, studies, flies

The Irregular Verb ‘To Be’

The verb “to be” is highly irregular in the simple present tense:

  • I am
  • You are
  • He/She/It is
  • We are
  • They are

Using Adverbs of Frequency with the Simple Present Tense

Adverbs of frequency tell us how often something happens. They commonly accompany the simple present tense to describe habitual actions.

Examples of adverbs of frequency:

  • always
  • usually
  • often
  • sometimes
  • rarely
  • never


  • I always eat breakfast.
  • He usually goes to the gym after work.
  • Birds often sing in the morning.
  • I sometimes take the bus.
  • She rarely watches television.
  • They never go out on weekdays.

Negative and Question Forms

  • Negatives: Use “do not” (or “don’t”) for most verbs and “am not”,”is not” (or “isn’t”), and “are not” (or “aren’t”) for the verb “to be”. Place these before the verb.

    • I do not eat meat.
    • She does not like coffee.
    • The bus is not running today.
  • Questions: Use “do” (or “does” for third-person singular) at the beginning of the sentence, followed by the subject and base form of the verb.

    • Do you work on weekends?
    • Does she play the piano?
    • Where does the train go?

Important Notes:

  • The simple present tense can sometimes express the future, particularly when referring to timetables, schedules, or planned events.
  • In informal speech and writing, contractions (don'tdoesn't, etc.) are very common.

Let’s Practice! Identify the verbs in the following sentences and state whether they are in the simple present tense:

  1. The library opens at 9 AM.
  2. Do you know the answer?
  3. Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.
  4. He feels sick today.
  5. I never drink soda.


  1. opens – simple present tense
  2. Do know – simple present tense
  3. boils – simple present tense
  4. feels – simple present tense
  5. drink – simple present tense



  1. 1. What is the simple present tense?

    • The simple present tense is a verb tense used to describe habitual actions, general truths, states of being, and things that happen regularly or repeatedly.

    2. How do I form the simple present tense?

    • For most verbs, the simple present is formed by using the base form of the verb (I walk, you talk).
    • For third-person singular subjects (he, she, it), add -s or -es to the base form (he walks, she talks). There are irregular verbs that follow different patterns.

    3. When do I use the simple present tense?

    • Habits: “I exercise every morning.”
    • General Truths: “Water freezes at 0 degrees Celsius.”
    • Repeated Actions: “The mail carrier delivers our mail at noon.”
    • States of Being: “She feels happy.”
    • Instructions: “Open the window.”

    4. What are examples of the simple present tense using the keyword “work”?

    • I work at the library.
    • My brother works in construction.
    • The new computer program works well.

    5. Can you provide examples of the simple present tense with the word “play”?

    • Children play tag in the park.
    • He plays the guitar beautifully.
    • The soccer team plays every Saturday.

    6. How does the simple present tense work with the verb “to be”?

    * The verb "to be" is irregular: I am, you are, he/she/it is, we are, they are.

    7. Provide examples using the simple present tense with the verb “to have”.

    • I have two sisters.
    • Does she have a pet?
    • The house has three bedrooms.

    8. What’s the difference between the simple present and present continuous tense?

    • Simple present focuses on habitual actions or states (“I eat breakfast daily”).
    • Present continuous focuses on actions happening right now (“I am eating breakfast”).

    9. How do adverbs of frequency work with the simple present tense?

    • Adverbs like “always,” “often,” “sometimes,” “rarely,” “never” modify simple present verbs to describe how regularly the action happens. (Example: I always brush my teeth before bed.)

    10. Can the simple present tense be used to talk about the future?

    * Yes, sometimes!  It's used for schedules or fixed events in the future. (Example: The train departs at 8 PM.)

    11. What are some common irregular verbs in the simple present tense?

    * be (am, is, are), do (do, does), have (have, has), go (go, goes), see (see, sees)

    12. I’m confused about when to add “-s” or “-es”. Is there a rule?

    * Generally, add "-s" for most verbs (walks, talks).  
    * Add "-es" for verbs ending in -ch, -sh, -s, -x, -z  (watches, pushes, fizzes)

    13. How can I practice forming the simple present tense?

    *  Find online exercises and quizzes.
    *  Make flashcards with common verbs.
    *  Write sentences describing daily routines.

    14. I want examples of the simple indefinite tense with the keyword “eat”.

    *  I eat a healthy breakfast.
    *  The dog eats kibble.
    * They usually eat dinner at 6 PM. 

    15. Are there negative forms of the simple present tense?

    *  Yes! Use "do not" (or "don't") for I/you/we/they and "does not" (or "doesn't") for he/she/it. (Example: I do not eat meat.) 

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