|Environmental researchers, Weather experts
|Climate change deniers
|Experts who study the long-term patterns of temperature, humidity, wind, and precipitation in a particular area
|The work by climate scientists from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the World Health Organization appeared in the journal Nature.
|Global warming, Environmental change
|Long-term changes in the Earth’s climate, including variations in temperature and weather patterns
|Health and climate scientists have mapped how climate change affects different parts of the world in different ways.
|Reaching a high or the highest degree, beyond what is considered normal or usual
|Possible effects of climate change include more deaths from extreme heat, cold, storms, and crop failures.
|Fluctuations in temperature, Shifts in heat levels
|Variations or alterations in the degree of heat or cold
|Temperature changes may influence the spread of diseases such as malaria and dengue fever.
|The act of extending over a wide area or increasing in extent
|Warmer weather speeds the growth of organisms that cause diseases, influencing their spread.
|A particular abnormal condition that negatively affects the structure or function of part or all of an organism
|Warmer weather may lead to the spread of diseases like malaria and dengue fever.
|Harvest loss, Agricultural setback
|Bumper crop, Abundant harvest
|The inability to produce a successful crop, resulting in a reduced or nonexistent yield
|Dry periods caused by climate change may lead to crop failures.
|Living beings, Life forms
|Inanimate objects, Non-living
|Any living thing, such as plants, animals, and microorganisms
|Warmer weather speeds the growth of organisms that cause diseases like malaria and dengue fever.
|Climate change, Rise in average temperatures
|An increase in the Earth’s average surface temperature caused by the buildup of greenhouse gases
|Climate scientists linked global warming to the heatwave that killed thousands in Europe in August 2003.
|Medical consequences, Impact on well-being
|Changes or outcomes related to the physical or mental well-being of individuals
|Poor countries least responsible for global warming are most at risk from the health effects of higher temperatures.
|Mean heat levels, Typical temperature
|The measure of the overall level of heat or cold in a specific area
|Average temperatures worldwide have increased about one-third of a degree Celsius in the last thirty years.
|Mosquito-borne disease, Plasmodium infection
|A life-threatening disease caused by parasites transmitted to humans through the bites of infected mosquitoes
|Even a small increase in average temperatures can make a difference with a disease like malaria.
|Heat island effect
|Urban heat island, Urban warming
|The increased temperature in urban areas compared to their rural surroundings
|Large cities experience a “heat island” effect that can intensify conditions.
|Ethical challenge, Test of principles
|Immoral action, Ethical lapse
|A situation that requires individuals to make decisions based on ethical principles
|Professor Patz states that the world faces an important moral test in addressing the health effects of climate change.
|U.N., International organization, World body
|National government, Sovereignty
|An intergovernmental organization that promotes international cooperation and peace
|Representatives from about two hundred nations have been meeting at the United Nations conference in Montreal to discuss climate change.
|International agreement, Climate treaty
|Climate denial, Opposition
|An international treaty aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions to combat climate change
|The Montreal conference is the first United Nations meeting since the Kyoto Protocol took effect earlier this year.
|CO2, Greenhouse gas, Carbon emissions
|Oxygen, Clean air
|A colorless, odorless gas produced by the burning of fossil fuels, deforestation, and other human activities
|The Kyoto Protocol seeks to reduce the amount of carbon dioxide and other heat-trapping gases released into the air.